Political Science Questions and Answers PDF – Beginner to Advance level 2023

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Political Science Questions and Answers PDF
Political Science Questions and Answers PDF

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PDF Name Political Science Questions and Answers PDF
Category Education(Mcqs Notes)
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Basics of Political Science

It is important to know the basics of political science, whether you are preparing for competitive exams or general exams. This is a must, so let’s start without wasting time.

For your convenience, we have explained this paragraph in points.

Government and Governance: (Political Science Questions and Answers PDF)

The government is like the boss in charge; It makes rules and takes decisions on big things like public administration, public peace, infrastructure, etc.

Although governance is everything working together smoothly—not just the boss but everyone else too—it is more like working together to make it happen.

Political Systems:

Each country has its own political system, like India has: executive, legislative, and judicial.

Democracy is like a big family gathering where everyone has a say. Authoritarianism occurs when one person decides everything, whereas totalitarianism occurs when that person controls everything.

Political Ideologies:

In every place where a political leader exists, there must be a political ideology that grows up. But there is a major difference in the opposite party’s ideology.

We will make it easier for you to understand the major ideologies that are around our society.

  • Liberalism:
    • Individual liberties, rights, and equality are prioritized more because everyone has their own choices.
    • Supporting the idea that everyone should have the right to express their opinions freely.
  • Socialism:
    • supporters of government or group ownership and control over the means of production.
    • Make policies that aim to reduce economic inequality through wealth redistribution.
  • Fascism:
    • promotes dark nationalism and anti-democratism and believes in authoritarian leadership.
    • A government that suppresses dissent and enforces strict control over society in the name of national unity.
  • Capitalism:
    • Introduce free-market production and a private ownership system.
    • More focus on money-making.

Public Policy:

Public policy is like planning out a school project and deciding what needs fixing. Policy analysis is figuring out who’s best at what, like who’s good at research or making cool graphics.

Political Science Questions and Answers

Political Science Questions pdf
Political Science Questions and Answers PDF
  • Who is known as the “Father of the Indian Constitution”?
    • a) Mahatma Gandhi
    • b) Jawaharlal Nehru
    • c) B.R. Ambedkar
    • d) Sardar Patel
  • Which part of the Indian Constitution deals with fundamental rights?
    • a) Part I
    • b) Part II
    • c) Part III
    • d) Part IV
  • Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the right to equality?
    • a) Article 12-18 (Political Science Questions and Answers PDF)
    • b) Article 19-22
    • c) Article 14-18
    • d) Article 16-20
  • The Preamble of the Indian Constitution declares India to be a:
    • a) Socialist Republic
    • b) Democratic Republic
    • c) Federal Republic
    • d) Secular Republic
  • Who appoints the Chief Justice of India?
    • a) The President
    • b) The Prime Minister
    • c) The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
    • d) The Parliament
  • Which schedule of the Indian Constitution contains the list of official languages?
    • a) Ninth Schedule
    • b) Tenth Schedule
    • c) Eighth Schedule
    • d) Twelfth Schedule
  • The President of India is elected by:
    • a) Lok Sabha
    • b) Rajya Sabha
    • c) Elected members of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of States
    • d) The Prime Minister
  • What is the term of office for a member of the Rajya Sabha?
    • a) 3 years
    • b) 5 years
    • c) 6 years
    • d) 2 years
  • Which amendment of the Indian Constitution lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 years?
    • a) 42nd Amendment
    • b) 44th Amendment
    • c) 61st Amendment
    • d) 73rd Amendment
  • Who is the head of the state government in a Union Territory in India?
    • a) Chief Minister
    • b) Lieutenant Governor
    • c) Governor
    • d) President

Answers:

  • c) B.R. Ambedkar
  • c) Part III
  • c) Article 14-18
  • b) Democratic Republic
  • c) The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
  • c) Eighth Schedule
  • c) Elected members of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of States
  • b) 6 years
  • c) 61st Amendment
  • b) Lieutenant Governor

Political Science Questions and Answers PDF

  • Which constitutional amendment introduced the anti-defection law in India?
    • a) 44th Amendment
    • b) 52nd Amendment
    • c) 73rd Amendment
    • d) 91st Amendment
  • Who can remove the Vice President of India from office before the completion of the term?
    • a) The President
    • b) The Prime Minister
    • c) A resolution passed by both Houses of Parliament
    • d) The Vice President can only be removed by impeachment
  • Which Article of the Indian Constitution deals with the impeachment of the President? (Political Science Questions and Answers PDF)
    • a) Article 61
    • b) Article 71
    • c) Article 81
    • d) Article 91
  • The concept of “Directive Principles of State Policy” is borrowed from which country’s Constitution?
    • a) USA
    • b) France
    • c) Ireland
    • d) Germany
  • Who is the ex-officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha?
    • a) The President
    • b) The Vice President
    • c) The Prime Minister
    • d) The Speaker of the Lok Sabha
  • What is the tenure of the governor of a state in India?
    • a) 3 years
    • b) 4 years
    • c) 5 years
    • d) 6 years
  • Which amendment abolished the privy purse for the Indian princes?
    • a) 42nd Amendment
    • b) 44th Amendment
    • c) 26th Amendment
    • d) 14th Amendment
  • What is the minimum voting age in India for Lok Sabha elections?
    • a) 18 years
    • b) 21 years
    • c) 25 years
    • d) 30 years
  • The President of India can declare a state of emergency on the grounds of
    • a) Economic instability
    • b) Internal disturbance
    • c) Foreign invasion
    • d) Political instability
  • Who was the first woman Chief Justice of India?
    • a) Indira Gandhi
    • b) Pratibha Patil
    • c) Meira Kumar
    • d) M. Fathima Beevi

Answers:

  • c) A resolution passed by both Houses of Parliament
  • a) Article 61
  • c) Ireland
  • b) The Vice President
  • c) 5 years
  • c) 26th Amendment
  • a) 18 years
  • b) Internal disturbance
  • d) M. Fathima Beevi
  • Who is the custodian of the Constitution of India?
    • a) The President
    • b) The Prime Minister
    • c) The Chief Justice of India
    • d) The Speaker of the Lok Sabha
  • Which part of the Constitution deals with the establishment of panchayats and municipalities in rural and urban areas?
    • a) Part IX
    • b) Part X
    • c) Part XI
    • d) Part XII
  • Who appoints the Attorney General of India?
    • a) The President
    • b) The Prime Minister
    • c) The Chief Justice of India
    • d) The Parliament
  • In which year was the Goods and Services Tax (GST) introduced in India?
    • a) 2015 (Political Science Questions and Answers PDF)
    • b) 2016
    • c) 2017
    • d) 2018
  • The President of India can nominate members to which house of Parliament?
    • a) Lok Sabha
    • b) Rajya Sabha
    • c) Both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
    • d) State Legislative Assemblies
  • Who is the final interpreter of the Constitution of India?
    • a) The President
    • b) The Prime Minister
    • c) The Supreme Court
    • d) The Parliament
  • Which Article of the Indian Constitution deals with the appointment and term of office of the Prime Minister?
    • a) Article 74
    • b) Article 76
    • c) Article 84
    • d) Article 89
  • Which schedule of the Indian Constitution contains the list of recognized languages of India? (Political Science Questions and Answers PDF)
    • a) Eighth Schedule
    • b) Ninth Schedule
    • c) Tenth Schedule
    • d) Twelfth Schedule
  • Who was the first President of India?
    • a) Dr Rajendra Prasad
    • b) Jawaharlal Nehru
    • c) Sardar Patel
    • d) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
  • Which Constitutional Amendment established the National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes?
    • a) 65th Amendment
    • b) 77th Amendment
    • c) 89th Amendment
    • d) 103rd Amendment

Answers:

  • a) Part IX
  • a) The President
  • c) 2017
  • b) Rajya Sabha
  • c) The Supreme Court
  • a) Article 74
  • a) Eighth Schedule
  • a) Dr Rajendra Prasad
  • b) 77th Amendment
  • Which constitutional amendment introduced the concept of the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC)?
    • a) 99th Amendment
    • b) 101st Amendment
    • c) 122nd Amendment
    • d) 124th Amendment
  • What does the term “quorum” in parliamentary language refer to?
    • a) The minimum number of members required to conduct a meeting
    • b) A formal objection raised during a debate
    • c) The maximum time allowed for a speech
    • d) The right to speak in Parliament
  • Which article of the Indian Constitution guarantees the right to freedom of speech and expression?
    • a) Article 14
    • b) Article 19
    • c) Article 21
    • d) Article 25
  • Who has the power to dissolve the Lok Sabha before the completion of its term?
    • a) The President
    • b) The Prime Minister
    • c) The Speaker of the Lok Sabha
    • d) The Vice President
  • The term of office for a member of a state legislative assembly is how many years?
    • a) 3 years
    • b) 4 years
    • c) 5 years
    • d) 6 years
  • Which schedule of the Indian Constitution contains the list of items on which the Panchayats have the power to make laws?
    • a) Ninth Schedule
    • b) Tenth Schedule
    • c) Eleventh Schedule
    • d) Twelfth Schedule
  • Who is the head of the Union Executive in India?
    • a) The President
    • b) The Prime Minister
    • c) The Chief Justice of India
    • d) The Speaker of the Lok Sabha
  • Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with the right to education?
    • a) Article 21
    • b) Article 29
    • c) Article 45
    • d) Article 51A
  • Who is the final authority for interpreting the Constitution on matters related to the distribution of powers between the Union and States?
    • a) The President
    • b) The Supreme Court
    • c) The Prime Minister
    • d) The Attorney General
  • In the context of the Indian Constitution, what does “judicial review” mean?
    • a) The power of the judiciary to review its own decisions
    • b) The power of the judiciary to review the constitutionality of laws and executive actions
    • c) The power of the judiciary to review the decisions of the President
    • d) The power of the judiciary to review decisions made by the Parliament

Answers:

  • a) 99th Amendment
  • a) The minimum number of members required to conduct a meeting
  • b) Article 19
  • a) The President
  • c) 5 years
  • c) Eleventh Schedule
  • a) The President
  • c) Article 45
  • b) The Supreme Court
  • b) The power of the judiciary to review the constitutionality of laws and executive actions
  • Which constitutional amendment is also known as the Mini-Constitution of India?
    • a) 42nd Amendment
    • b) 44th Amendment
    • c) 46th Amendment
    • d) 48th Amendment
  • Who administers the oath of office to the President of India?
    • a) The Chief Justice of India
    • b) The Vice President
    • c) The Prime Minister
    • d) The Speaker of the Lok Sabha
  • Which Article of the Indian Constitution deals with the appointment and removal of the Vice President?
    • a) Article 56
    • b) Article 64
    • c) Article 68
    • d) Article 71
  • What does the term “cabinet” refer to in the context of the Indian government?
    • a) A piece of furniture;
    • b) A group of senior government ministers chosen by the Prime Minister
    • c) A special type of government meeting;
    • d) The official residence of the Prime Minister
  • Who can remove the governor of a state from office?
    • a) The President
    • b) The Chief Minister of the state
    • c) The Prime Minister
    • d) The Chief Justice of India
  • Which Constitutional Amendment introduced reservations for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in educational institutions and government jobs?
    • a) 69th Amendment
    • b) 76th Amendment
    • c) 93rd Amendment
    • d) 105th Amendment
  • In which year was the first General Election held in independent India?
    • a) 1947
    • b) 1949
    • c) 1951-52
    • d) 1955
  • Which Article of the Indian Constitution deals with the appointment and term of office of the Governor?
    • a) Article 152
    • b) Article 156
    • c) Article 160
    • d) Article 164
  • Who is the chief executive of a state government in India?
    • a) Chief Minister
    • b) Governor
    • c) Prime Minister
    • d) President
  • Which constitutional amendment is related to the reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies?
  • a) 74th Amendment
  • b) 82nd Amendment
  • c) 91st Amendment
  • d) 95th Amendment

Answers:

  • a) The Chief Justice of India
  • d) Article 71
  • b) A group of senior government ministers chosen by the Prime Minister
  • a) The President
  • c) 93rd Amendment
  • c) 1951-52
  • b) Article 156
  • a) Chief Minister
  • c) 91st Amendment
  • The President of India can impose a Financial Emergency in the Country under Article
  • (a). Article 352
  • (b). Article 356
  • (c). Article 358
  • (d). Article 360
  • Which one of the following parts of the Constitution describes the Election Commission?
  • (a). Part- 12
  • (b). Part- 15
  • (c). Part- 18
  • (d). Part- 20
  • Who among the following is able to be ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha?
  • (a). The Vice-President
  • (b). A senior member of Rajya Sabha
  • (c). Elected by the Rajya Sabha
  • (d). Nominated by the President
  • Which one of the following can promulgate ordinances during the recess of Parliament?
  • (a). Attorney General of India
  • (b). The President of India
  • (c). The Prime Minister
  • (d). Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

FAQ: Political Science Questions and Answers PDF

Who appoints the Chief Justice of India?

The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

The President of India is elected by?

Elected members of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of States

What is the term of office for a member of the Rajya Sabha?

6 years

Which constitutional amendment introduced the anti-defection law in India?

52nd Amendment

Which amendment abolished the privy purse for the Indian princes?

26th Amendment

Who was the first woman Chief Justice of India?

M. Fathima Beevi

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